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Here, we present the first illustrated field guide to all woody plants from the Amazon. The work is divided over nine volumes. This volume (I) focuses on the fruits of woody plants known from the Guayanan Shield. It offers 208 plates with line drawings and aquarelle paintings of 2,000 species of fruit. Volumes II - IX describe and depict botanical and ecological field characters of all woody plants known from the Amazon. They cover 109 families, 1,000 genera and ±5,000 species, each volume treating families in alphabetical order. This 'Flora Amazonica' is the result of my lifetime research on plant-animal relations in the Amazon. It is built upon 3 earlier works: 'Het Surinaams Vruchtenboek' (1977); 'Fruits of the Guianan Flora' (1985); and 'Wild Fruits from the Amazon' (2014-18). From 1986 on, I have worked on my magnum opus, along with other Amazon biodiversity and conservation projects. I now thank all botanists and field explorers, past and present, that collected and named the myriad of plants I had to examine in order to compile it.

About the Author

Dr. Marc van Roosmalen

Dr. Marc G.M. van Roosmalen (born June 23, 1947) is a Dutch-Brazilian primatologist/ecologist/rainforest conservationist. He was elected as one of the “Heroes for the Planet” by Time magazine in 2000. His research has led to the identification of several new monkey species, as well as some other large-bodied mammals, and woody plants from the Amazon basin. Aside of science writer, he is also an activist in the protection of the Brazilian rainforest. In 1997, Marc was awarded the honor of officer in the Order of the Golden Ark by HRH Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands. He studied biology at the Universities of Amsterdam and Utrecht and did four years of doctoral fieldwork (1976-1980) studying the ecology of the red-faced black spider monkey (Ateles paniscus) in the (then) pristine interior of Suriname. ln 1983/84, he conducted Post-doc fieldwork on plant-animal coevolution in French Guiana. Meanwhile, he published A Field Guide to the Fruits of the Guianan Flora, until today widely considered a standard work. In 1986, the Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology hired him at the National Institute of Amazon Research in Manaus-AM, to extend his 1985 fruit catalogue to the whole Amazon. Marc considers Alfred Russel Wallace a 19th-century “Hero for the Planet” and is an advocate of Wallace’s “river barrier” hypothesis saying that the major rivers of the Amazon basin do serve as geographical barriers that create separate genetically distinct evolutionary regions.

Other Published Books


A Personal Account of Amazonian Human and Natural History

A personal account of adventures in the Amazon by Marc van Roosmalen, one of the great explorers and naturalists of the modern age. From the rain forests of Suriname to the heart of Brazil, this book covers incredible ground and offers amazing insight into the human and natural history of the Amazon. Marc’s exploits are epic, from searching for unknown species in remote jungles to fighting for his freedom in the courts of Brazil. This book takes you along for the ride, and makes a strong case for conserving one of the greatest tropical rain forests on Earth. Unfortunately, for Mother Nature, time runs out. Nowadays, a number of nameless creatures are found at the verge of extinction. They all need their living space -the ancient Amazon rain forest- not only onto paper but rigidly in situ protected by law. Marc himself considers “Live from the Amazon” a textbook on Amazon Rainforest Ecology and Biodiversity. With this account he hopes to attract public awareness and to draw attention to some of the most special and poorest known hotspots of biodiversity, which face the death penalty from the industrialized and genetically engineered soybean connection.

Man’s Territorial Primate Factor

Evolutionary Roots of Tribalism in Human Societies

Working over 40 years in the ancient, overall pristine rain forests of the Amazon has enabled pioneer Marc van Roosmalen, a Dutch/Brazilian primatologist, behavioral ecologist and rainforest specialist, to propound a revolutionary theory that applies to all social primates, including the human one Homo sapiens. In Man’s Territorial Primate Factor Van Roosmalen explores why territorial social primates do represent the most colorful and species-rich group of mammals. To explain his theory to the general public, he takes the reader on an adventurous journey through the biological history of modern man, ever since the first humans did migrate ‘Out-of-Africa’, some 130,000 years ago. He has traced back the fate of a number of nations of modern man that, either survived the rule of „survival of the fittest social grouping‟, or got exterminated. In this book, he reveals the existence of "pur sang" Aborigene people he recently stumbled upon - tucked away in a remote corner of the Brazilian Amazon…

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